Quiz: Energy Resources

Question:

Photograph by Skip Brown, National Geographic

How much do you know about the world’s energy supplies and consumption?

What area of the world consumes the most energy?

  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • Europe and Eurasia
  • Africa

The Asia Pacific region is the world's largest energy consumer, accounting for 39.1 percent of global energy consumption, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Iceland gets 99 percent of its electricity from which of the following?

  • Volcanism and hydropower
  • Nuclear plants
  • Coal
  • Petroleum

Iceland taps volcanism and hydropower for 99 percent of its electricity and more than 70 percent of its total energy needs. Neither source requires petroleum or its byproducts, but heat from underground is limited by geology.

What country produced the most coal in 2011?

  • Australia
  • Burundi
  • China
  • U.S.

China produced nearly half of the world's coal in 2011, with 3,520 million tonnes. The U.S. was second, followed by India, Australia, and Russia.

In 1990, what was the highest percentage of world energy use?

  • Nuclear
  • Coal
  • Natural gas
  • Oil

In 1990, nearly 40 percent of world energy use was oil. Coal and natural gas were second and third, respectively.

What energy is projected to be the most used in 2030?

  • Nuclear
  • Coal
  • Natural gas
  • Oil

It's projected that coal will just barely win the top spot here, with 27.7 percent of world energy shares. Oil is next, with 27.2 percent, followed by natural gas with 25.9 percent.

Japan turns which of the following into renewable energy?

  • Crowd noise at sumo wrestling matches
  • Stationary bikes in spinning classes
  • Footsteps at Tokyo train stations
  • Leftover sushi rice

In Japan, passengers in Tokyo train stations generate energy every time they take a step. Special flooring tiles capture the vibrations generated by footfalls, which can be stored as energy. Enough energy is captured during the day to light up electronic signboards.

What country generated the largest percentage of its electricity from nuclear energy in 2011?

  • U.S.
  • Slovenia
  • Finland
  • France

In 2011, France generated 77.7 percent of its electricity from nuclear energy, giving it the top spot. Rounding out the top five were Slovakia (54 percent), Belgium (54 percent), Ukraine (47.2 percent), and Hungary (43.3 percent).

Which of these is not a renewable energy source?

  • Natural gas
  • Wind power
  • Solar electricity
  • All of the above

Fossil fuels—which include natural gas, oil, and coal—are not renewable. Renewable energy production includes wind power, solar electricity, and geothermal power.

Which of these areas has the fewest natural gas reserves?

  • Africa
  • Middle East
  • Asia Pacific
  • South and Central America

In 2011, South and Central America held just 3.6 percent of the world's proved natural gas reserves. The Middle East holds the highest, at 38.4 percent. Next is Europe and Eurasia at 37.8 percent.

What country contains the world's largest proven oil reserves?

  • Kuwait
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Russia
  • Canada

Saudi Arabia is known to possess the world's largest proven oil reserves—though exactly how much is a matter of debate.

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